The Nine Muses

The embodiment of the classical idea of the poetical faculty as a divine gift, these famous sisters dwelt on Mount Helicon, and drank of the fountain Hippocrene. Minerva presented to them the winged horse Pegasus, upon which, if one rode, she would soar aloft among the creatures and creations of fancy.

The nine Muses are the daughters of the Zeus and of Mnemosyne, the goddess of memory. The Muses preside over the arts and sciences, inspire all artists, especially poets, philosophers, and musicians. Calliope. was the muse of epic poetry, Clio. of history, Euterpe of lyric poetry, Melpomene. of tragedy, Terpsichore. of choral songs and the dance, Erato of love poetry, Polyhymnia. of sacred poetry, Urania of astronomy, and Thalia of comedy.

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